Menstruation describes the female period. The menstrual cycle begins when a woman gets her periods. The menstrual blood which leaves her body is products shed from the uterus, usually, the layer called the endometrium. During the remainder of the cycle, the uterine lining regrows. It does so in preparation for pregnancy, which occurs if the egg a woman releases about halfway through her menstrual cycle is fertilized.
When fertilization occurs, the lining stays in place to nourish the fertilized egg, forming the placenta. When fertilization does not occur the menstrual cycle continues and the uterine lining is shed marking the start of the woman’s next menstrual period.
Women begin menstruation at an average age of 13 and on average continue menstruating till age 51.
Challenges Faced By Women During Menstruation
There are a lot of problems women face during the bleeding period. It can include abdominal pain, lower back pain, mood swings, and fatigue. While in moderation, all these are normal, unbearable pains and severe fatigue might be indicators of underlying problems they have. The color of the blood also must be red to brown and not orange or yellow. One should keep wary of those.
In India, less than 14% of women use sanitary napkins.
Stigma Around Sanitary Pads
Most of them can’t afford to buy them. In rural women, the usage of sanitary methods is way less than in urban areas. They are almost zero access to sanitary napkins, tampons, and menstrual cups. There is a lot of stigmas attached to bleeding and periods. Women aren’t allowed into the kitchens, aren’t allowed to touch anyone, and aren’t allowed to touch pickles or staple food.
It is unfortunate that a natural biological phenomenon is treated as an impurity. Apart from all the mental and physical pain women go through, discrimination makes it even more difficult.
Reliefpad offers an affordable solution to the sanitary aspect. In order to keep free of microbial infections and still be effectively cheap, reliefpad offers reusable sanitary napkins.